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TOWER- Analysis and Design of Steel Latticed Towers Used in Transmission and Communication Facilities
TOWER is a powerful and easy to use Microsoft Windows program for the analysis and design of steel latticed towers used in electric power lines or communication facilities. Both self-supporting and guyed towers can be modeled. The program performs design checks of structures under user specified loads. For electric power structures it can also calculate maximum allowable wind and weight spans and interaction diagrams between different ratios of allowable wind and weight spans.
TOWER is the result of more than 35 years of evolution from our earliest structural analysis programs. During our years supporting it we have received comments and suggestions from hundreds of utilities, fabricators and consultants around the world, which we have used to refine our algorithms, user interface and program design. The result is a powerful and comprehensive design tool with unsurpassed reliability and ease of use.
Building a structure is as simple as defining the overall outline geometry of the tower, selecting intermediate joints and then lacing members or other components up between these joints. You are free to mix and match the various members and components at will. This gives you the power to create arbitrarily complex structures, including lattice box structures used in many older substations.
Component libraries define the size, weight, strength and other properties of your bolts, guys, members and other equipment. You can create these libraries yourself or use libraries provided by your suppliers. Using libraries of standard components greatly enhances your productivity by significantly reducing the amount of input, which also reduces the chance of error.
TOWER takes the pain out of finite element analysis. A lattice structure modeled in TOWER is input as a collection of elements and the connections and bracing properties for each member. TOWER takes advantage of symmetry in a structure in both joint and member generation, duplicating symmetrical joints and members about either axis, both axes and even in a triangular format found in many communication structures. Even very large or complicated structures can be modeled in TOWER in just a few hours.
A special version of our SAPS finite element analysis engine powers TOWER. We designed SAPS specifically for solving complicated transmission line and guyed communication structure problems that other finite element programs couldn't. For nearly 30 years of production use SAPS has proven to have one of the best nonlinear cable elements available anywhere.
TOWER is capable of performing both linear and nonlinear analyses. Nonlinear analysis allows you to see P-Delta effects, to detect instabilities, accurately model tension-only members and perform reliable buckling checks. TOWER models guys, cables and 2-part insulators as 3-d cable elements. This sophisticated analysis works even when the elements have large displacements, as is the case with the cross rope structure pictured above.
Once TOWER has calculated the forces experienced in the different members and components of your structure, it compares them against automatically calculated code capacities for the code you have selected. The results of these checks are available in text reports, spreadsheets or color-coded graphics.
ASCE-10, ECCS, EN50341 (CENELEC), AS 3995, BS 8100, and other international codes can be used to check the structure. Members are checked against their ultimate strength in accordance with the code selected, with overstressed members easily identified graphically and in the output reports. TOWER performs your choice of linear or exact nonlinear analysis. The TOWER manual describes how these checks are implemented and details the assumptions made.
In addition to these code checks, TOWER can calculate pairs of allowable wind and weight spans, or better yet, determine entire interaction diagrams between the allowable wind and weight spans. Optimum spotting performed with these interaction diagrams will result in a more economical solution than traditional spotting with just a single, or a few, wind and weight span pairs.
TOWER makes extensive use of 3-d graphics to help you visualize your structure. We render all elements in 3-d and let you view the structure from any direction making modeling mistakes immediately apparent. If you see a mistake you simply click on it to edit the problem joint, member, or component.
After an analysis, elements are color-coded based on their utilization with overstressed elements graphically shown in red. Of course, these elements can be edited with a single click. Overstressed elements are also colored red in text and spreadsheet reports.
Just as important as the graphical feedback are the many sanity checks TOWER makes on your input data. In the course of reviewing thousands of problematic structure models we have identified many common modeling errors. TOWER automatically detects these errors and flags questionable input to save you time.
While TOWER is a stand-alone program it's open design allows it to easily interface with other programs.
TOWER provides a well defined XML output file and hooks that enable pre and post-processors to be connected to the program making it the ideal engine of your custom lattice tower analysis process.
Users of our PLS-CADD line design program can use TOWER to prepare allowable wind and weight span or interaction diagram files for optimum spotting. They can also take TOWER structures and spot them in a line. PLS-CADD can calculate the loading on a structure at a particular location and display the results of a TOWER check with those loads.
TOWER results are presented in a combination of graphical views, spreadsheets and text reports. All of this information can easily be exported to other programs. Graphical results can be saved in DXF files compatible with most CAD systems. Spreadsheet results may be saved in an XML file, pasted into spreadsheet programs or exported to ODBC compliant databases. Text results can be customized by the user and saved to files or pasted into word processing programs.
TOWER provides all of the capabilities a structural engineer requires to analyze or design lattice transmission, substation, or communications structures. It does so using a simple easy to use graphical interface that rests upon our time tested finite element engine. Regardless of whether you want to model a simple 69 kV lattice tower, a 500 kV double circuit tower, or a 600' guyed communications tower, TOWER can handle the job simply, reliably and efficiently.
If you would like more information about TOWER please contact us.
Technical Notes: You can find many technical notes here which discuss topics such as available loading methods, applying NESC insulator requirements, importing and exporting data, weight spans, customization and localization, etc.
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